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What is a domain name? The domain name is important for the web hosting services

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Anna Berk
September 14, 2007

Anna Berk
Anna Berk, CRM director of Eskhosting. Eskhosting provides reliable Linux web hosting servicesfor small and medium sized web sites. Web hosting services comes with cPanel and Fantastico, PHP 4/5 and MySQL 5 support. There are monthly payments and free domain name registration available, dedicated IP address is provided with each web hosting account. Custom web hosting plans, professional 24/7 technical support via live chat, toll free US number and ticket system.
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A domain name is the unique name that you choose for your web site. Web sites in the World Wide Web have their names and are identified by the domain names that correspond with numeric IP address.

By the following example we will illustrate the difference between a URL and a domain name:


Domain name:

Registered domain name:

A complete domain name consisting of a host, the second-level domain, and the top-level domain is called FQDN (fully qualified domain name). For example, www.something is a FQDN, where www is the host; something is the second-level domain; and .com is the top-level domain.

A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of an Internet domain name; that is, the letters that follow the final dot of any domain name. For example, in the domain name, the top-level domain is .com (or COM, as domain names are not case-sensitive).

There are several types of domain names:

gTLD (generic top level domains) such as .com, .net, .org, .name and others

ccTLD (country code top-level domains) also called as regional domain names, for example: .fr, .it, .de, .eu, .nl, .be, .ru and others.

The company that is registering the domain names is called registrar, the person who registers a domain name is called registrant.

When you register domain name it is recommended that you pay attention on the actual registrant of your domain name as some companies register domains on their names.

A domain name is always registered for a definite period; it is called a domain name registration period.

For most of domain names the minimal registration period is one year

Though for some domains (for example .uk, .mobi, .us) the minimal registration period is 2 years.

The date when a domain name was registered is called registration date.

Depending on the registration period, the domain name will have expiration date.

Example: a domain name was registered on 1st of April 2006

It was registered for 1 year

Thus domain name expiration date will be 1st of April 2007

It is always recommended that customers keep in mind their domain name expiration date and renew the domain before the domain expires in order to exclude any sort of downtime.

The information about the registrant of the domain name and its registration period are normally displayed in Whois database. Using Whois database you can determine whether a domain name is available for a new registration or is already registered/taken, can determine the registrant (owner) of the domain name, domain name registration and expiration dates, IP address assigned to the particular domain name.

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